Drones Utalitarian Purpose in Agriculture

The much-needed technology makeover needed by the agricultural sector is something drones are ready to provide. From planning, strategy and control, the drone technology can certainly assist in the process of real-time data gathering, processing, collection and dissemination of information for various uses. Going by the flexibility of drones both when aerial based and ground based, the following can be said to be the utilitarian purposes of drones in agriculture:

Before Planting

This is the period in which the conditions in which the crops are to be grown have to be monitored. Here, the drones can be useful in areas such as the analysis of field and soil as the can create 3D maps to develop seed planting patterns that are more efficient. The drones can also aid in providing data about the level of nitrogen and need for irrigation within the soil.

Planting

Nowadays, drones can actually be put to use when planting as there are drone planting systems created for that purpose. This has helped in reducing the cost and time taken in planting. The drones also aid in adding needed nutrients to the soil to help the plants thrive.

After Planting

Drone technology has been modeled to agriculture purposes like lasers and distance measuring equipment to help in spraying the crops against pests and diseases. The presence of light detection and ranging prevent mishaps like collisions and overs spraying of the crops. This has helped in improving the efficiency and effectiveness of crop spraying as it not only covers a longer distance but it can be achieved faster at a shorter period of time.

Monitor Crops

After planting the crops, it is not possible for the farmer to maintain a constant watch on them all through the day and night and as a result, the harvest period usually ends up with cultivating less than what was planted. This can be as a result of weather conditions and pests.


The presence of drones provides a 24-7 monitor for the farmer as data about weather conditions and field maintenance can easily be gotten from the convenience of one’s home. This can only be possible if the video resolution and image pixels are top quality also, the presence of time series would make it possible to pinpoint an actual time of crop development and production inefficiencies to assist in better crop management.

Irrigation

Drone technology has advanced to the point where sensors that are thermal, hyperspectral and multispectral are present within them to help identify the time of the year in which improvements need to be made on the land. During the period of crop growth, the drones are able to determine the density of the crop, the heat needed by the crop alongside the amount of sun energy consumed. This allows for adjustments to be made to the irrigation system of the field.

Health assessment

If the crop is not healthy, then the farmer has nothing to show for his efforts.  Constant monitoring of the health status of the crop is essential to prevent the spread of fungi and bacteria. The presence of infrared light in the drone showcases the presence of these types of diseases.